HIV in Women, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment with Antiretroviral Drugs


HIV can influence anybody, and a few symptoms might be changed in women.

In late 2014, According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 250,000 ladies in the United States were living with HIV.

In this article, we are going to discuss HIV symptoms in women, how doctors analyze the condition and what treatment alternatives are accessible.

HIV symptoms in women

Within half a month of contracting HIV infection, the body experiences seroconversion, a period in which the virus increases rapidly.

During seroconversion, the virus can cause an influenza-like disease called an intense HIV infection.

After this primary period, further symptoms can grow, particularly if an individual does not get treatment.

Symptoms of HIV in women can include:

  • Influenza-like symptoms

At the beginning of contracting HIV infection, the immune system mounts a reaction to the virus.

Symptoms of HIV virus may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • a second rate fever
  • coughing
  • sneezing
  • a runny nose or clog

The symptoms above typically show up in a month and a half at the start of contracting HIV, and they can last anytime from seven days to a month.

These symptoms resemble those of a cold or influenza, so an individual may not at first connect them with HIV infection.

Several symptoms of an intense HIV infection are basic in men and women. Anyhow, a few ladies may encounter different symptoms, including:

Swollen lymph hubs

Swollen lymph hubs can be one of the most prompt symptoms of HIV, after those of an acute infection.

Following an acute HIV infection, the virus keeps on duplicating, however at a slower rate. An individual might have symptoms.

Treatment can moderate or stop the virus’s movement. Indeed, even without treatment, a few people experience no extra symptoms for as long as 10 years after the underlying infection.

The neck may feel swollen simply under the jaw and behind the ears. The swelling can cause inconvenience gulping, and it might last anytime from a couple of days to months.

Vaginal yeast infections

HIV can expand the danger of creating vaginal yeast infections. Symptoms of these infections include:

  • burning in and around the vagina and vulva
  • pain while having sex
  • painful pee
  • thick, white vaginal release

While practically all females have yeast infections at some time, HIV can make these infections happen all the more often.

At the point when an individual has HIV, their immune system commits a great deal of energy to fight with the virus. Accordingly, their body isn’t as prepared to fight with different infections.

Quick weight loss

In the event that an individual isn’t getting HIV treatment, the virus can cause nausea, problems of food absorption, diarrhea, loss of hunger and weight loss.

Every one of these issues can make an individual lose weight rapidly.

Changes in temperament

Some of the time, the HIV movement can cause an increase in neurological disorders in females.

This may include depression, which can cause sentiments of misery and feel extraordinary trouble. People may likewise encounter stress and memory loss.

Skin infections

HIV can make irregular spots structure on the skin. They might be red, pink, dark-colored, or purple. These spots may show up inside the mouth (also known as mouth sores), eyelids, or nose.

Cuts can likewise create on the mouth, private parts, or rear-end. A rundown of different skin rashes can be found here.

Menstrual disorders

A few women with HIV see lighter or heavier periods. Additionally, if an individual is encountering fast weight reduction, they may start to miss periods.

Moreover, hormonal variations can cause menstrual symptoms, for example, spasms, breast sensitivity, and weariness, to change or deteriorate.

When to see a doctor?

The CDC prescribes that everybody in the age range of 13 to 64 gets tested for HIV at any cost once as a major aspect of routine consideration. They additionally suggest for each pregnant woman to take an HIV test.

A few females have a higher danger of contracting HIV infection. Possible factors include:

  • having vaginal or anal sex with an individual who either do not know their HIV status or who has HIV and isn’t taking antiretroviral drugs
  • injecting medications and sharing needles or syringes
  • having explicitly transmitted infections, for example, syphilis
  • having tuberculosis or hepatitis

In the event that an individual has any of the above hazard factors, they should discuss with their doctor about HIV testing. The doctor must suggest to her how frequently to step through an exam.

Diagnosis of HIV in women

According to the CDC approximations, women with HIV in the U.S. in 2014, 88 percent had gotten a diagnosis.

The early finding is significant, and numerous therapies can enable an individual to oversee HIV without complexities.

Different kinds of tests can enable a doctor to analyze HIV. A few tests can’t differentiate the virus in the beginning periods.

HIV tests include:

Antibody tests: These identify the closeness of HIV antibodies, or immune system proteins, in blood or spit tests. Quick and at-home tests are generally immune response tests. They can’t recognize HIV at the beginning stage.

Antigen/immune response tests: These identify HIV antibodies and antigens, or viral parts, in the blood. Antigen/immune response tests likewise can’t recognize HIV at the beginning time.

Nucleic basic analyses: These search for the closeness of HIV’s transmissible material in the blood, and they can distinguish HIV at the beginning time.

Any individual who may have gotten the virus and who has early symptoms may wish to see a doctor about a nucleic analysis.

Treatment of HIV

While there is as of now no remedy for HIV, doctors can recommend prescriptions that either prevent the virus from reproducing or lessen the rate at which the virus duplicates.

These prescriptions are called antiretroviral therapies, and there are different types of therapies.

An individual may need to take somewhere in the range of one and three drugs every day, depending upon their requirements.

In a perfect world, if an individual takes antiretroviral therapies as recommended, the virus will quit duplicating, and the immune system can ward off those that remain.

Sizes of the virus may lessen until they are never again noticeable. In any case, HIV stays in the body, and if an individual quit taking their meds, the virus could begin to imitate once more.


HIV symptoms can look like those of different diseases. Beginning symptoms might be like those of this season’s cold virus, for instance.

Ladies may likewise encounter different symptoms later on, for example, vaginal yeast infections.

Any individual who feels that they may have HIV must talk a doctor about testing.

On account of developments in treatment, people can oversee HIV much like some other interminable condition. This can help counteract later-organize symptoms.


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