What is Skin? Different Skin Conditions, Tests and Treatment


The skin is the biggest organ of the body, with an all-out area of around 20 square feet. Though it shields us from organisms and the components, helps to control body temperature and permits the feelings of touch, warmth, and cold.

What is Skin?

It has three layers:

The epidermis

The outermost layer gives a waterproof obstruction and makes our skin tone.

The dermis

It is underneath the epidermis, contains extreme connective tissue, hair follicles, and sweat organs.


The more profound subcutaneous tissue (hypodermis) consists of fat and connective tissue.

Furthermore, the skin’s color is made by unique cells called melanocytes, which produce the color melanin. Though melanocytes are developing in the epidermis.

Skin Conditions


Nearly any adjustment in the skin’s appearance can be known as a rash. Though most rashes are from direct irritation and some others result from diseases.


A general term for irritation of the skin. Therefore Atopic dermatitis (a sort of inflammation) is the most widely recognized structure.


Skin aggravation (dermatitis) causing an irritating rash. Frequently, it’s because of an overactive immune system.


An immune system condition that can cause a collection of rashes. Though silver, layered plaques on the skin are the most widely recognized structure.


A rough state of the scalp might be brought about by seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, or inflammation.


The most widely recognized condition “inflammation” influences over 85% of individuals sooner or later throughout everyday life.


Inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues, for the most part, because of contamination. Normally, a red, warm, frequently excruciating rash can occur.

Skin abscess (bubble or furuncle)

Limited contamination makes a gathering of discharge under the skin. A few abscesses must be opened and depleted by a specialist so as to be relieved.


An unending condition causing a red rash on the face. Therefore Rosacea may look like acne and is inadequately understood.


An infection taints the skin and makes it develop exceedingly, making a wart. But you may treat warts at home with synthetic mixtures, duct tape, or freezing or expelled by a doctor.


The most dangerous type of cancer, melanoma results from sun harm and other causes. Therefore a biopsy can decide melanoma.

Basal cell carcinoma

The most widely recognized kind of cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is less hazardous than melanoma since it develops and spreads all the more slowly.

Seborrheic keratosis

A kindhearted, frequently irritated development that seems like a “stuck-on” mole. Seborrheic keratosis may expel by a doctor, if bothersome.

Actinic keratosis

A dried up or flaky bump that forms on sun-uncovered body parts. Therefore actinic keratosis may cause and advancement to cancer.

Squamous cell carcinoma

A usual type of cancer, squamous cell carcinoma may start as an ulcer that won’t mend or anomalous development. Though normally it occurs in sun-uncovered areas.


The herpes infections HSV-1 and HSV-2 can cause occasionally rankles or bothering around the lips or the private parts.


Raised, red, irritated fixes on the body that appear quickly. Therefore Hives normally result from an allergic infection.

Tinea versicolor

A gentle parasitic disease makes pale areas of low pigmentation on the skin.

Viral exanthem

Though many viral diseases can cause a red rash influencing vast areas of the skin. This is particularly consistent in kids.

Shingles (herpes zoster)

Caused by the chickenpox infection, the shingle is an agonizing rash on one side of the body. Another grown-up antibody can anticipate shingles in the vast majority.


Tiny parasites that enter into the skin cause scabies. Therefore a strong rash in the tissues of fingers, wrists, elbows, and backside is run of the mill of scabies.


Contagious skin contamination (additionally called tinea). The trademark rings it makes are not because of worms.

Different Tests

  • Skin biopsy: Removes a piece of skin and inspects under a magnifying instrument to recognize a condition.
  • Skin testing (sensitivity testing): Extracts of regular substances, (for example, dust) are linked to the outer layer, and any hypersensitive responses are observed.
  • Tuberculosis test (purified protein derivative or PPD): Proteins from tuberculosis (TB) microorganisms inject under the skin.  Therefore, the skin of somebody with TB turns in the firm condition.

Skin Treatments

  • Corticosteroids (steroids): Medicines that decrease the immune system activity may improve dermatitis. Therefore use topical steroids regularly.
  • Antibiotics: Medicines that can slaughter the microbes causing cellulitis and other diseases.
  • Antiviral drugs: Medicines that can smother the action of the herpes infection, decreasing signs.
  • Antifungal drugs: Topical creams can fix most contagious diseases. Once in a while, oral drugs might be required.
  • Antihistamines: Oral or topical prescriptions can square histamine, a substance that causes tingling.
  • Skin surgery: Most cancers must evacuate by a medical procedure.
  • Immune modulators: Various medications can adjust the movement of the immune system, improving psoriasis or other types of dermatitis.
  • Skin creams (emollients): Dry skin winds up itchy and annoying. Though creams can diminish the side effects of many conditions.


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