What is Testosterone? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods


Testosterone is the key male sex hormone that controls fertility, muscle mass, fat appropriation, and red platelet creation.

At the point when levels of testosterone drop under levels that are healthy, they can prompt conditions like hypogonadism or infertility. There are, nonetheless, sources from which individuals with low testosterone can support their levels.

Low testosterone problems are increasing rapidly. The demand for testosterone supplements has expanded fivefold since 2012.

This article will investigate what testosterone does and whether men should stress over diminishing degrees of the hormone as they become more established.

A quick overview of testosterone

  • It directs various procedures in the male body.
  • Levels of testosterone will in general drop with age factor.
  • Prohormone supplements don’t have any impact on hormone levels.
  • Testosterone supplements are recommended distinctly for indicated conditions, and not to neutralize the normal, age-related drop in levels.
  • Testosterone replacement treatment (TRT) is additionally accessible. Notwithstanding, this can convey reactions and dangers.

What is testosterone?

It is the hormone in charge of the development of male sexual abilities. Hormones are synthetic envoys that trigger essential changes in the body. Females likewise produce testosterone, normally in littler sums.

It is a sort of androgen created fundamentally by the gonads in cells called the Leydig cells.

In men, testosterone is thought to manage various capacities close by sperm generation. These include:

  • sex drive
  • bone mass
  • fat dissemination
  • muscle size and power
  • red platelet creation

Without satisfactory measures of hormones, men consider as infertile. This is on the grounds that testosterone helps the development of developing sperm.

Notwithstanding being a male sex hormone, it likewise adds to sex drive, bone thickness, and muscle strength in women. Be that as it may, an abundance of the hormone can likewise make women experience male example sparseness and infertility.

The mind and pituitary organ control hormone levels. Once delivered, the hormone travels through the blood to complete its different significant capacities.

Testosterone irregular characteristics

High or low degrees of testosterone can prompt brokenness in the parts of the body regularly directed by the hormone.

At the point when a man has low testosterone or hypogonadism, he may understand:

After some time, these symptoms may create in the accompanying ways:

  • loss of body hair
  • reduction in muscle mass
  • loss of power
  • increased muscle versus fat

Unending, or progressing, low hormones may prompt osteoporosis, mind-set swings, decreased vitality, and testicular shrinkage.

Causes can include:

  • testicular damage, for example, mutilation
  • infection of the balls
  • medications, for example, sedative analgesics
  • disorders that influence the hormones, for example, pituitary tumors or high prolactin levels
  • chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, kidney and liver disease, heftiness, and HIV/AIDS
  • genetic diseases, for example, Klinefelter disorder, Prader-Willi disorder, hemochromatosis, Kallman disorder, and myotonic dystrophy

An excessive amount of hormones, then again, can prompt the activating of pubescence before the age of 9 years. This condition would for the most part influence more youthful men and is a lot rarer.

In women, be that as it may, high hormone levels can prompt male example sparseness, a profound voice, and menstrual anomalies, just as:

  • growth and swelling of the clitoris
  • changes in body figures
  • reduction in boob size
  • oily skin
  • acne
  • facial hair development around the body, lips, and jawline

Ongoing examinations have additionally connected high hormone levels in women to the risk of uterine fibroids.

Hormone irregular characteristics can be recognized with a blood test and treated in like manner.

Age Factor and Testosterone levels

Testosterone levels normally decline as a man spend more years of life.

The impacts of bit by bit bringing down testosterone levels as men age have gotten expanding consideration as of late. It is known as late-beginning hypogonadism.

After the age of 40, the grouping of coursing testosterone falls by about 1.6 percent consistently for general in men. By the age of 60, the low degrees of testosterone would prompt analysis of hypogonadism.

Around 4 out of 10 men have hypogonadism when they arrive at 45 years of age. The number of cases where more established men have been analyzed as having low testosterone expanded 170 percent since 2012.

Low testosterone has been related to expanded mortality in male veterans. Late-beginning hypogonadism has turned into a perceived ailment, albeit many of the symptoms are related with typical maturing.

Coming up next are symptoms generally beginning hypogonadism:

  • diminished erectile power, especially around evening time
  • decreased lubrication
  • mood changes
  • reduced intellectual capacity
  • fatigue, gloom, and outrage
  • a decline in mass and strength
  • loss of body hair
  • skin changes
  • decreased bone mass and bone mineral thickness
  • increase in stomach fat mass

Just as sexual brokenness, late-beginning hypogonadism has likewise been related to metabolic disease and cardiovascular disease.

How much testosterone levels decrease varies between men, however, an increasing number of men experience the impacts of diminished testosterone levels. Many men presently live past the age of 60 years.

Subsequently, a higher number of men see the impacts of age-related testosterone exhaustion.

Treatment of testosterone

Overseeing treatment for hypogonadism as the consequence of a disease contrasts from treating late-beginning hypogonadism in more seasoned men.

Testosterone supplements

One proposed treatment for low testosterone comes as testosterone supplements.

One kind of testosterone supplement, methyltestosterone, has gotten endorsement from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In any case, rules encourage doctors not to endorse this supplement because of the speed with which the liver uses testosterone.

This can prompt liver toxicity. While doctors can lawfully recommend the supplement, they for the most part attempt to stay away from this.

Until the more grounded proof is accessible to help the advantages and security of testosterone supplementation, just more established grown-ups with extreme clinical symptoms of low testosterone ought to be a contender for these supplements.

The FDA has prompted that testosterone supplements are not reasonable to treat late-beginning hypogonadism, and a doctor should just endorse them for a recognizable reason.

Testosterone replacement treatment

Testosterone replacement treatment (TRT) can help reestablish some influenced elements of low testosterone.

Studies have demonstrated that TRT, for the most part, affects bone quality and hemoglobin levels in the blood, yet not mental sharpness.

The treatment may regulate by:

  • skin gels and fixes
  • injections
  • tablets that are consumed orally

These may trigger symptoms, including:

  • increased red platelet check
  • prostate and breast enlargement
  • acne
  • in uncommon cases, breathing challenges during rest
  • increased danger of cardiovascular disease, in spite of the fact that this is liable to discuss

After choosing to go for a course of TRT depends on the apparent advantage of the treatment on the symptoms of a specific person and the risks of getting the TRT.

An ongoing report, for instance, proposes that TRT gives an additional advantage to general mortality and stroke for men whose hormone levels have regularized with TRT.

Nonetheless, the Endocrine Society exhorts that doctors ought not to endorse TRT to men matured under 65 years, regardless of whether they have low hormone levels. The dangers and recommended advantages of TRT for men more youthful than this are suspicious, similar to the advantages.

Ongoing research is clashing in this matter. Extra examinations into testosterone replacement are important for doctors to completely comprehend its potential dangers and benefits, and to distinguish the people that may see the most advantage.

Prohormone supplements and heart problems

Prohormones are an assortment of steroid. They are normally used to help weight reduction and muscle-building.

Various prohormone supplements are promoted at men to treat low hormone levels. Such supplements can incorporate dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and a herbal product Tribulus Terrestris. In any case, a bill was passed in 2014 prohibiting originator anabolic steroids.

Lawful variations have developed since. In any case, there is close to nothing, assuming any, research to demonstrate that these prohormone supplements influence hormone levels. Such cures may represent a hazard to wellbeing. The law does not require herbal supplements to assure safety before the sale, so care is important.

Prohormones can build testosterone but increase estrogen, the female hormone, simultaneously. They can likewise cause imbalances in blood cholesterol, reducing degrees of “good” cholesterol.

The potential symptoms of prohormones in addition to their dubious clinical advantages make them a poor, perhaps hazardous decision for boosting hormones.


For men, hormone levels are essential to keep up, however, they normally decline after some time. On the off chance that symptoms of serious or interminable low hormone levels are appearing, the hormone insufficiency might be brought about by a functioning disease or condition.

Treatment can prompt undesirable reactions, so it very well may be urgent to adjust the normal advantages of testosterone supplementation with the risk of the treatment. Regularly, low hormone levels come without hurtful physical impacts and don’t require treatment.

Contact with a health expert, and discuss the requirement of treatment.


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